What are the 5 main symptoms of diabetic neuropathy?

Signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy are often worse at night, and may include:
  • Numbness or reduced ability to feel pain or temperature changes.
  • Tingling or burning feeling.
  • Sharp pains or cramps.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Extreme sensitivity to touch — for some people, even a bedsheet's weight can be painful.

Where does diabetic neuropathy usually start?

Your feet and legs are often affected first, followed by your hands and arms. Possible signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy include: Numbness or reduced ability to feel pain or temperature changes, especially in your feet and toes. A tingling or burning feeling.

What is the first manifestation of diabetic neuropathy?

The most common symptoms of diabetic neuropathy include pain, burning, tingling, or numbness in the toes or feet and extreme sensitivity to light touch. The pain may be worst at rest and improve with activity, such as walking. Some people initially have intensely painful feet, while others have few or no symptoms.

What triggers diabetic neuropathy?

What causes diabetic neuropathy? Over time, high blood glucose levels, also called blood sugar, and high levels of fats, such as triglycerides, in the blood from diabetes can damage your nerves. High blood glucose levels can also damage the small blood vessels that nourish your nerves with oxygen and nutrients.

What can be mistaken for diabetic neuropathy?

Diabetic patients often experience neuropathy in their feet and might wonder if their symptoms are a form of carpal tunnel. In fact, there is a similar condition called tarsal tunnel syndrome. Like carpal tunnel, it mimics symptoms of diabetic neuropathy.

5 tips to treat Diabetic Neuropathy naturally - Dr. Farida Khan

What makes neuropathy worse?

Nutritional or vitamin imbalances, alcoholism, and exposure to toxins can damage nerves and cause neuropathy. Vitamin B12 deficiency and excess vitamin B6 are the best known vitamin-related causes.

What medications cause neuropathy?

Other drugs and substances that may cause neuropathy include: Colchicine (used to treat gout) Disulfiram (used to treat alcohol use) Arsenic.
Drugs used to fight infections:
  • Chloroquine.
  • Dapsone.
  • Isoniazid (INH), used against tuberculosis.
  • Metronidazole (Flagyl)
  • Nitrofurantoin.
  • Thalidomide (used to fight leprosy)

How do you calm down diabetic neuropathy?

Certain physical therapy activities can help safely and naturally soothe diabetic neuropathy. Low-impact exercises that are most effective include swimming, strength training, balance and stability work, and mind-body exercise. Avoid high-impact exercises such as heavy cardio because it may result in nerve numbness.

What makes diabetic neuropathy worse?

High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as high blood pressure and obesity in general, are strongly linked with a higher overall risk of diabetic neuropathy and quickly worsening symptoms. All these factors are tied either directly or indirectly to what you eat.

What do diabetic legs look like?

Diabetic dermopathy

This condition is also known as shin spots, and it's harmless. The spots look like red or brown round patches or lines in the skin and are common in people with diabetes. They appear on the front of your legs (your shins) and are often confused with age spots. The spots don't hurt, itch, or open up.

What is the best painkiller for diabetic neuropathy?

The ADA recommends starting with pregabalin (Lyrica). Gabapentin (Gralise, Neurontin) also is an option.

How long do you live with diabetic neuropathy?

It accounts for silent myocardial infarction and shortens the life expectancy resulting in death in 25–50% patients within 5–10 years of developing diabetic neuropathy. It can occur with both type 1 and type 2 DM (T2DM) and a major risk factor for foot ulceration [5, 6].

What is the best treatment for diabetic neuropathy in feet?

Treatment Options for Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy

The number-one way to manage diabetes is with diet, exercise and medications. Some prescription drugs, like pregabalin, gabapentin and duloxetine, are used often to treat the pain of peripheral neuropathy.

Can metformin worsen neuropathy?

Metformin induced vitamin B12 deficiency can cause or worsen distal symmetrical, autonomic and cardiac neuropathy in the patient with diabetes.

How fast does diabetic neuropathy progress?

Significant nerve problems (clinical neuropathy) can develop within the first 10 years after a diabetes diagnosis. The risk of developing neuropathy increases the longer you have diabetes. About half of people with diabetes have some form of neuropathy.

How do you know if diabetes is affecting your legs?

Diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in the legs and feet. Depending on the affected nerves, diabetic neuropathy symptoms include pain and numbness in the legs, feet and hands. It can also cause problems with the digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels and heart. Some people have mild symptoms.

What foods should be avoided with neuropathy?

The following foods have the potential to increase pain in neuropathy: dairy products, wheat, citrus fruits, corn, caffeine, meat of all kinds, nuts and eggs.

Does Vicks Vaporub on feet help neuropathy?

Vicks Vapor Rub® – Massaging one's feet with Vicks, particularly at night, soothes neuropathic pain and distress in one's feet and legs. It is also excellent for softening your toe nails and diminishing common toe nail problems. Warm/Cool Baths and Showers - Excellent de-stressors and can help with reducing pain.

What part of the foot hurts with diabetes?

When you have diabetes, high glucose levels in the blood can damage nerves and blood vessels. Because the nerves and blood vessels supplying the feet are so long and delicate, the feet — and especially the toes — often get affected first.

How can I stop neuropathy getting worse?

Lifestyle choices can play a role in preventing peripheral neuropathy. You can lessen your risk for many of these conditions by avoiding alcohol, correcting vitamin deficiencies, eating a healthy diet, losing weight, avoiding toxins, and exercising regularly.

Do compression socks help neuropathy?

Compression socks can help patients manage their neuropathy symptoms. These socks apply pressure to assist your feet and ensure blood keeps flowing in the correct direction. However, compression socks come in various compression levels, so it's important to speak to a doctor before purchasing a pair.

What medicine helps with neuropathy?

The main medicines recommended for neuropathic pain include:
  • amitriptyline – also used for treatment of headaches and depression.
  • duloxetine – also used for treatment of bladder problems and depression.
  • pregabalin and gabapentin – also used to treat epilepsy, headaches or anxiety.

Does Benadryl help with neuropathy?

Diphenhydramine may be useful in the treatment of neuropathic and nociceptive pain that has failed to respond to treatment with opioids and adjuvant analgesics. We suggest a starting dose of 25 mg of oral or parenteral diphenhydramine every 6 to 8 hours, with titration to effect.

What organs are affected by neuropathy?

It can affect blood pressure, temperature control, digestion, bladder function and even sexual function. The nerve damage affects the messages sent between the brain and other organs and areas of the autonomic nervous system. These areas include the heart, blood vessels and sweat glands.

What over the counter medicine can I take for burning feet?

Over-the-counter medicines like Advil, Aleve, Motrin IB, and Tylenol control pain in many people with burning feet. Prescription pain relievers like tramadol (Ultram) or low-dose opiates (narcotics) may be necessary for severe pain.